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Beijing Platform for Action in Kyrgyzstan

History 

In 1995, Beijing hosted the Fourth Conference on Women, which adopted the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, which is essentially the agenda to address the empowerment of women, and from employment milestone in the progress of women in the XXI century. The Platform for Action identified 12 critical areas, which are the main obstacles to the advancement of women, requiring concrete action by governments and civil society. Taking the Beijing platform, governments committed themselves to the effective inclusion of gender in all public institutions, policies, planning and decision making.

 Supporting the Platform for Action, the UN General Assembly called upon all States, UN agencies and other international organizations as well as NGOs and the private sector to take action to implement its recommendations within the UN system.

 The presence and influence of  NGOs, one of the most active forces in the fight for gender equality has increased since the conference in Mexico City in 1975, Beijing NGO had a direct influence on the content of the Platform for Action, and subsequently played an important role by requiring their national leaders report on the implementation of their commitments to implement the Platform.

 

Beijing+25

2020 will be a critical year for the gender equality and women’s rights agenda, marking not only the 25th anniversary of the adoption of the Beijing Declaration and Platform of Action but also the 20th anniversary of UN Security Council resolution 1325 on women, peace and security; the 5-year milestone of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the SDGs; the 10th anniversary of the creation of UN Women – all this in the context of the 75th anniversary of the United Nations.

 We must take full advantage of these milestones to drive accelerated action and progress for women and girls.  And UN Women is committed to ensuring civil society is at the forefront of this work.

 

Intergovernmental process and outcomes

 National reviews are well under way, based on the guidance note that had been developed by UN Women in collaboration with the regional commissions last year. So far, we have approximately 100 reports submitted. These reports will inform the regional syntheses prepared by the Regional Commissions ahead of regional meetings later this year. They will also feed into a global synthesis report of the Secretary-General, prepared by UN Women, which will form the basis of deliberations at CSW 64 in March 2020. It is expected that the CSW will adopt a short, action-oriented Political Declaration.

 In addition, the General Assembly has decided to hold a High-Level Meeting on Beijing+25 during the UNGA high-level week in September 2020. Member States are currently discussing modalities for the meeting, under the leadership of the Permanent Representatives of Qatar and New Zealand.

 More information on the intergovernmental process can be found on this page.

 

Engagement of civil society and other stakeholders

 As noted above, the active engagement of civil society and other stakeholders is a critical component of our efforts for Beijing+25. The guidance note for national reviews highlighted the importance of participatory reviews, which include multiple stakeholders. Further,  all regional intergovernmental meetings will be preceded by a preparatory multi-stakeholder meeting to capture the voices of civil society. The Civil Society Division at UN Women, working in partnership with our regional offices, is providing technical and financial support for the preparatory meetings.

 

The engagement of civil society and other stakeholders will be further highlighted in the Generation Equality Forum, convened by UN Women and co-chaired by France and Mexico, with the leadership and partnership of civil society. Building on the Beijing+25 national and regional reviews and CSW64, the Forum will kick-off in Mexico in May 2020  (7th-8th May, likely) and culminate in Paris on 7th-10th July 2020.

 

The Forum is envisaged as a global public conversation for urgent action and accountability for gender equality.  It will celebrate the power of activism, feminist solidarity and youth leadership to achieve transformative change. At a moment when the pushback on multilateralism and women’s rights is strong, the unique democratic and multi-stakeholder approach of the Forum will be a necessary counter response. This new model for accelerating the achievement of agreed goals on women’s rights and gender equality, through its outcomes —  the setting up of Action Coalitions – results oriented hybrid partnerships among civil society, business, member states and other stakeholders (parliamentarians, mayors, trade unions etc.), is needed at a time  when many of the existing models are vulnerable to the current backlash against women’s rights in some contexts, and to the way that multilateral forums are subject to the changing political preferences of their members.

 

On 27-28 June, UN Women convened France, Mexico and some members of civil society in the first planning meeting for the Generation Equality Forum. We had an excellent workshop and arrived at a common understanding of the vision, outcome, format of the Forum; its legacy; its governance structures; workstreams, timelines and next steps. More information on that can be found in the attached presentation. One of the crucial next steps is to identify the ways civil society can engage with the planning and execution of the forum. As such, we have proposed the following structures where civil society will be involved:

 

  • Core Group (decision making) - 4 members comprising 1 each from UN Women, France, Mexico and Civil Society. Civil Society to designate 1 member from the Civil Society Advisory Group (see below) who may rotate.
  • Civil Society Advisory Group to the Core Group (supporting Core Group decision making) – 10-15 civil society members representing regional (and thematic) diversity.  This structure to be established by August 2019; membership of this group will be determined by civil society through a consultative process. The advisory group will nominate one representative to the Core Group (above). We have requested NGO -CSW New York to convene all our civil society partners (including youth partners) to consult with each other and agree on the membership of this group.
  • Multi-stakeholder Steering Group (supporting design, planning and implementation) – approx. 25-30 members comprising  civil society, Member States, private sector and  other stakeholders who are contributing to the Forum and its outcomes. To be established by end-August 2019. This structure will be established by the Core Group in consultation with partners.

 

In addition, UN Women will continue to update civil society, through email and also  through periodically scheduled webinars, on the status of the Forum, to ensure wide reach and participation.

 If you are interested in participating in the Civil Society Advisory Group to the Core Group, or want to discuss its membership, please reach out to the new Chair of NGO-CSW New York, Houry Geudelekian beijing25@ngocsw.org

Beijing Platform for Action in Kyrgyzstan

Beijing Platform for Action, adopted at the fourth conference on Women  and recognized by the world community program of human rights for women, has become a basic document, based on which sovereign Kyrgyzstan began building a national strategy for the advancement of women. Twelve priorities of the Beijing Platform for Action shape in the following areas of public policy:

 

  1. «The development of an institutional mechanism for the advancement of women»;
  2. «Improving the regulatory legal base»;
  3. «Education and improvement of functional skills of women»;
  4. Women’s Health. Reducing maternal and child mortality «;
  5. «Woman, economy, overcoming poverty»;
  6. «Women’s participation in decision-making at the political, legislative, executive levels»;
  7. «The creation of special programs to support the girls’;
  8. «Reducing all forms of violence against women»;
  9. «Women and Media»;
  10. «Women and the Environment»;
  11. «Rural women».

 

 

Confirmation of the country’s commitment to address gender issues is the adoption of specialized national programs.

 

In the first phase, the National Programme «Ayalzat» — a national plan of action based on the Beijing Platform for Action  (1996-2000). The main purpose of the national program «Ayalzat» as the main mechanism to promote the interests of women  is to achieve a qualitative change in the status of women by 2000. National program creates the conditions for significant gains in achieving real equality between men and women, increasing opportunities for women and to create favorable conditions for its development.

 

The second phase of the gender agenda of the country became National Plan for Action (NPA), approved by Presidential Decree of 2 March 2002, № 52, which was focused on the formation of gender equality policy.

 

Presidential Decree of August 20, 2007 № 369 was adopted by the Second NPA on Gender Equality in the Kyrgyz Republic for 2007-2010, which was the fundamental document defining the state gender policy, goals, objectives and principles, directions and priorities of the Country Development Strategy for 2007-2010.

 

Third NAP for 2012-2014. adopted June 27, 2012 by the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic № 443.