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Beijing Platform for Action in Kyrgyzstan

History 

In 1995, Beijing hosted the Fourth Conference on Women, which adopted the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, which is essentially the agenda to address the empowerment of women, and from employment milestone in the progress of women in the XXI century. The Platform for Action identified 12 critical areas, which are the main obstacles to the advancement of women, requiring concrete action by governments and civil society. Taking the Beijing platform, governments committed themselves to the effective inclusion of gender in all public institutions, policies, planning and decision making.

 

Supporting the Platform for Action, the UN General Assembly called upon all States, UN agencies and other international organizations as well as NGOs and the private sector to take action to implement its recommendations within the UN system.

 

The presence and influence of  NGOs, one of the most active forces in the fight for gender equality has increased since the conference in Mexico City in 1975, Beijing NGO had a direct influence on the content of the Platform for Action, and subsequently played an important role by requiring their national leaders report on the implementation of their commitments to implement the Platform.

 

Beijing Platform for Action in Kyrgyzstan

Beijing Platform for Action, adopted at the fourth conference on Women  and recognized by the world community program of human rights for women, has become a basic document, based on which sovereign Kyrgyzstan began building a national strategy for the advancement of women. Twelve priorities of the Beijing Platform for Action shape in the following areas of public policy:

 

  1. «The development of an institutional mechanism for the advancement of women»;
  2. «Improving the regulatory legal base»;
  3. «Education and improvement of functional skills of women»;
  4. Women’s Health. Reducing maternal and child mortality «;
  5. «Woman, economy, overcoming poverty»;
  6. «Women’s participation in decision-making at the political, legislative, executive levels»;
  7. «The creation of special programs to support the girls’;
  8. «Reducing all forms of violence against women»;
  9. «Women and Media»;
  10. «Women and the Environment»;
  11. «Rural women».

 

 

Confirmation of the country’s commitment to address gender issues is the adoption of specialized national programs.

 

In the first phase, the National Programme «Ayalzat» — a national plan of action based on the Beijing Platform for Action  (1996-2000). The main purpose of the national program «Ayalzat» as the main mechanism to promote the interests of women  is to achieve a qualitative change in the status of women by 2000. National program creates the conditions for significant gains in achieving real equality between men and women, increasing opportunities for women and to create favorable conditions for its development.

 

The second phase of the gender agenda of the country became National Plan for Action (NPA), approved by Presidential Decree of 2 March 2002, № 52, which was focused on the formation of gender equality policy.

 

Presidential Decree of August 20, 2007 № 369 was adopted by the Second NPA on Gender Equality in the Kyrgyz Republic for 2007-2010, which was the fundamental document defining the state gender policy, goals, objectives and principles, directions and priorities of the Country Development Strategy for 2007-2010.

 

Third NAP for 2012-2014. adopted June 27, 2012 by the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic № 443.