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Gender Equality and aid effectiveness


In Kyrgyzstan, a lack of prioritisation, synchronisation and proper allocation of resources to gender equality has led to a failure to reach key development goals. The aid effectiveness agenda and its implementation have not had a real impact on this situation so far. The Accra Agenda for Action (AAA) defines social justice concerns, including gender equality and women’s rights, as key targets to measure the effectiveness of donor aid policies. However states and donors are falling short of their commitments and are missing opportunities provided by a changing aid environment to successfully achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in countries such as Kyrgyzstan.
There have been limited actions to include women’s needs and interests in development planning in Kyrgyzstan. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) – one of the country’s biggest donors – has correctly stated that inclusive and sustainable growth is unachievable if half the population is left behind. However, declarations of inclusive social development have still not led to state and donor officials prioritising the needs of poor women, supporting or reducing the capacity-building of Parliament and women’s organisations, or reduce social exclusion of women. References are made to women’s rights and gender equality in the donors’ Joint Country Support Strategy (JCSS) and the government’s Country Development Strategy (CDS). Yet the reality is that official development projects and programmes do not take a human rights-based approach incorporating women’s rights or adequately involving civil society organisations (CSOs), including women’s organisations.

 

 

Nurgul Djanaeva of the Forum of women’s NGOs of Kyrgyzstan has wrote a chapter on “Women’s Rights and Development Effectiveness in Kyrgyzstan”  to the  “Aid and Development Effectiveness: Towards Human Rights, Social Justice and Democracy”, the REALITY OF AID 2010 REPORT

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Forum of women’s NGOs of Kyrgyzstan has contributed a shadow report (part of ROA shadow report, 2011) which contains gender equality segment. Our report contained one segment on gender equality in the context of aid and development effectiveness.

«Gender equality»

The process to reach gender equality and ensure women’s rights in the development process and in ODA is slow and weak. Existing national gender development plans and programs, legal protection of women’s rights and women’s access to judicial recourse are not funded, are not adequate to promote, effectively address or protect women’s rights and ensure equal access to justice. There is no process for gender needs assessment. Gender needs are not identified and are not mainstreamed in state or donors’ programs and actions, as well as in the country development strategy and ODA.

In the country’s development strategy (2009-2011) there is a section on «Policy to achieve gender equality». Planned Review of the National plan of actions for achievement of gender equality and Strengthening of the capacity of the National institutional mechanism for achievement of gender equality were not implemented.  During last years country institutional mechanism for achievement of gender equality is weakened. In 2010 gender equality and women’s issues were mandated to the Ministry of labor, employment and migration.  In the department which now is responsible for gender equality there are no staff with expertise on gender equality and women’s human rights.

Access to justice in Kyrgyzstan for women is limited.

 The lack of significant participation of CSOs, including women’s NGOs in the process remains a major concern. Lack of institutional space to CSOs, including  women’s groups, participation limits inclusion of poor and vulnerable groups’ needs at all stages of aid processes thus leads to lack of measurable human rights and gender equality indicators both in countries’ development strategies, joint ODAs’ plans and donors’ development commitments’ implementation. Some individual steps were only done.

Data on women is not full. Although a National statistical committee publishes gender disaggregated data “Men and women” and its quality is quite high. But there is still a need in more detailed disaggregation of data. UNFPA supported work of the National statistical committee to collect, analyse and publish gender disaggregated data in the annual collection “Men and women”. But neither state noir donors use in their policy, planning and allocation. It is used partially by State only for reporting process.

Impact of the global and national economic and financial crisis impacted negatively on many women including rural women and women workers in garment industry, and led to  increase of Proportion of women living in poverty, but there is no reliable statistical data on this. Needs of non registered women migrants are not counted and their participation in labor forces is not counted as well as their level of life.

Labor participation rate by gender is close to balanced, but women still make a smaller part of labor force (42,1% in 2006 to 42,5% in 2008), rural women work for paid work less then urban women: 40,9% — 44,5% in 2006 rural and urban women; in 2008 -  41,3% — 44,2% of labor force.

Women in general earn less, because they are concentrated in the low earning spheres, such as education, health care. Maternal mortality rate is high despite implementation of the SWAP.”

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Women’s rights organizations and gender equality activists have been at the forefront of advocacy, providing a critical perspective to deepen women’s and human rights commitments, throughout the aid and development effectiveness process — from Paris, Accra to Busan. But how far have commitments to gender equality really come? And what is next, given the upcoming Fourth High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Busan, Korea?

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Feminists, gender equality and women’s rights activists and organizations mobilizing on the road to the Fourth High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness (HLF4) to be held in Busan on 29 Nov — 1 Dec 2011 reaffirm their vision for transformation and offer concrete recommendations for improving the international development cooperation architecture in a set of key demands.

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Forum of women’s NGOs of Kyrgyzstan participated in the International Women’s Rights Organizations and Networks Consultation On  CSOs PARTNERSHIP FOR EFFECTIVE  DEVELOPMENT in Nairobi,  Kenya, 25-25 July 2012. 

The Consultation which will bring together about 40 women’s organisations and networks is а r joint initiative with the Civil 50ciety Voices for BetterAid and Ореn Forum platforms for civil society organisations that engage in development cooperation.  The rationale of the workshop is to provide space for women’s rights activists to meet, consult, and build consensus оп collective proposals and strategize оп how to build оп the gains of the Fourth High Level
Forum оn Aid Effectiveness. Other objectives аге to: Contribute to the shaping of the ‘Global С50 Partnership 5trategy and Engagement оп Development Effectiveriess share the impact of the work of women’s rights organisations in the aid development effectiveness process.
Develop а work plan and re-organise ourselves in order to effectively engage the new policy context. Ensure continuity of the advocacy work and alliance building and communication effort started prior to Ассга and continued through Busan