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Women’s political participation

Introduction

Since 2005  a Program “50 Women to National Parliament”  (2006-2010) was adopted by the Forum of Women’s NGOs  of Kyrgyzstan.

 

The major problems in the area of women’s political participation include that women continue to have limited exercise of legislative, executive and administrative powers. They are under-represented in decision-making bodies, there is a lack of women’s issues in the country’s policies, lack of political leadership capacity development opportunities for women, a lack of training possibilities for women to strengthen their leadership capacity, and a lack of financing.

 

Justification of the comprehensive program of the Forum of Women’s NGOs of Kyrgyzstan on WPPP

 

Forum of Women’s NGOs of Kyrgyzstan works on women’s political empowerment because without country-wide, systematic and long term women’s NGOs support it is not possible to increase women’s political participation and political effectiveness of women in decision-making position in the country.

 

Such a program as this Forum’s one is needed because nobody in the country works at long term program level to address the issues of women in decision making:

Forum’s long term program is coherently and on consistent ways address complex issues of women’s political participation: under-representation of women in decision-making, lack of women’s issues in country’s policies, lack of political leadership capacity among women, lack of training possibilities for women to strengthen their leadership capacity, lack of consolidated support from women’s movement to women leaders, lack of network and cooperation between women leaders, lack of venues for women–leaders to share knowledge, concerns, ideas, strategies, positions, lack of access to  information and resources for women, who would like to take part in decision-making bodies of the country. It is needed also to assist women-leaders to start their network meetings and discussing common problems and their vision of country development for future.

 

So, there is a big need in trained, qualified and gender committed women entering political arena from one side, and from the other side Forum of women’s NGOs of Kyrgyzstan is experienced, has good outreach in all provinces of the country and has experts and commitment to work on women’s empowerment. In Kyrgyzstan in the situation of growing need in capacity building of women in decision-making bodies. Local women leaders need support and assistance from women’s NGOs. Women’s NGOs will assist in development of women-leaders, their vision, networks, knowledge and skills in dealing with gender issues and for good governance.

 

Women’s movement needs and ready to take an active role in achieving gender equality. The project will address women’s problem in accessing and improving their capacity to use political arena for women’s empowerment and gender equality.

 

Information  about the Program

 

Forum of  Women’s  NGOs of Kyrgyzstan has adopted a Women’s participation in political processes  program (The program is for 3-5 years) and within this program has initiated a movement under the slogan “50 Women in Politics”.

 

Women in Politics

  • Today women’s participation in political processes is not an issue of individual women, but is an issues of the whole women’s movement in the country.
  • Forum has adopted a program of effective promotion of women into politics with help of women’s organizations. The experience showed that it is impossible to effectively promote women without active mobilization of all women’s resources. 

 

WPPP is :

  • An issue of women’s human rights (Constitution of  Kyrgyzstan, Universal Declaration of Human rights, BPFA, CEDAW, UN Declaration of women’s political rights)
  • An issue of Governance Quality
  • An issue of sustainable development
  • An issue of democracy strengthening
  • An issue of women’s status improvement and mainstreaming women’s interests

Forum of Women’s NGOs of Kyrgyzstan has adopted a five-year program that seeks to increase gender equality in the political system of Kyrgyzstan, as well as women’s empowerment through the political leadership capacity of women.  It aims to increase the number of women contesting in the parliamentary elections and other decision-making bodies; development of a women’s political agenda and strategy for the elections; evolve a joint women’s platform for the national Parliament and mobilization of women’s NGOs to support women contesting in elections. 50 women will be trained, 50 women’s NGOs will act as a support network for female candidates. Main activities include training of trainers, training women on women’s political leadership and gender integration into the political agenda, training women activists on electoral strategies to support female candidates, publication of a manual “Several steps to women’s political career”, conferences “Women transforming politics”, public awareness campaigns for voters, PR campaigns, lobbying amendments to national legislation, fundraising, series of Task Force and network meetings, research, coalition and alliances development (with civil society, with political parties, with parliament, etc). Collaboration with the mass media on large scale is also planned strategy.

 

 WPPP program is continuation of one of the oldest directions of the Forum of Women’s NGOs of Kyrgyzstan. This program mobiles women’s movement for women’s empowerment in Kyrgyzstan and makes women’s voice visible locally, regionally and internationally. Adoption of the WPPP program by the network was done in December 2005. The first network of future women-candidates for Parliamentary elections had its first meeting in Bishkek in November 2006. Conference of the network of activists supporting program was held in January 2007 and plan of action was approved. It was followed by the Task Force meeting. First TOT on budget, state and legislative power was held in February2007. In June 2007 it is planned to hold training workshops on basics of gender among PECs and supporting groups members.

 

The main idea is in preparation from the women’s movement 50 women from all provinces to run for elections to the National Parliament (Jogorku Kenesh).

  • These women during coming years till the 2010 elections will actively be promoted by women’s organizations and other groups of civil society.
    • 50 women are not only promoted and supported, but trained for running for elections, to be transformative leaders and assess people’s needs.
    • Development of the Joint women’s platform is an essential part of the program
    • All network members of the Forum of Women’s NGOs of Kyrgyzstan and women’s movement are involved into the program implementation to support these 50.
    • Lobbying part:
      • Achievement of the equal representation at all elected and nominated positions through laws;
  •  Advocacy of the positive attitude and image of female leader and politician.
  •  Development of equal opportunities for men and women during elections of all levels;
  • Development of the leadership capacity of women;

 

 

Concept of the Program «Women and Politics»

  InKyrgyzstanthere is growing need in pro-active position of organized women’s groups. Forum of Women’s NGOs of Kyrgyzstan is working toward consolidation of women’s NGOs efforts to create an enabling environment for women in Kyrgyzstan.

Forum of Women’s NGOs ofKyrgyzstanhas an initiative in organization of annual network campaigns inKyrgyzstanto increase public awareness and attract more volunteers to its four year program on WPPP.

“50 Days for Gender equality and Women’s Political Participation in Kyrgyzstan” – an annual national campaign is part of the comprehensive Forum’s program on WPPP.

 

Goal of the annual campaign of the network “50 Days for Gender equality and Women’s Political Participation inKyrgyzstan” – increase awareness on the issues.

Without public awareness and national wide campaigning it is difficult top reach the goal of changes stereotypes and attitude to women’s political participation. Patriarchal attitudes continue to be strong and influential. Women inKyrgyzstanhave minimal representation in major decision-making bodies inKyrgyzstan.

Political leaders and their values play critical role in development of the country, in promoting peace and justice, fighting against corruption. Not only numbers of women but also leadership quality need to be increased for effective participation in transitional phase. Inclusive governance requires State actions and actions from women. There is a need to overcome voters’ attitude to female candidate, a need to create successful women images, lobby introduction of quotas and other measure. Women don’t have joint women’s electoral agenda and platform, network of women politicians, connection to women’s movement. There is lack of consistent and addressing women’s needs training on participation in political processes. There is a need to mobilize women struggle for women’s political rights at national and local levels. It is women’s movement’s responsibility to prepare women -participants with vision and values applicable in the good or transformed governance. Women’s NGOs as non-state actors should play a significant role on strengthening sustainable democracy and non-tolerant to violence against women society. Consolidation of women’s NGOs can and should play a role to address these challenges.

 

  • It is not enough to be women at high level to raise gender equality issues and promote women’s issues. Our comprehensive approach towards increasing effectiveness of women’s participation in political processes will lead to enabling environment for women’s political participation and increases women’s chances to win and be ready to efficiently work in high positions and make visible changes for good.

 

 

WPPP program Board and structure

 

Working Group members  of the program:

  • Maksuda Aitieva,Osh Resource Center-co-chairperson;
  • Bubumairam Sarieva, NGO Epkin-co-chairperson;
  • Avazkan Ormonova, PF DIA;
  • Damira Raimbekova, NGO Kyrk-kyz;
  • Chinara Kartanbaeva, Forum of women’s NGOs of Kyrgyzstan;
  • Murzaparova Ainura, Gender budget group;
  • Cholpon Osmonalieva,  network Jarandyk demilge;
  • Olga Djanaeva, NGO Alga;
  • Altyn Djanyshbaeva, NGO Onor Bulagy

Program activities

 In 1999 our network members have identified women’s participation in political processes as one of three priority areas of concern – within monitoring of BPFA implementation. Forum has discussed and published review and recommendations for increase of women’s participation in political processes inCentral Asia. For that purpose series of meetings were held; the project “International training workshop on women’s rights in the light of implementation of the BPFA” in partnership with APWLD was implemented in 1999 and publications was made. In2002 inpartnership with APWLD and our Central Asian partners an international workshop “Sharing experience in women’s participation in political processes” was held and translated resources from the conference are now available both in English and Russian on women’s participation in political processes. In 2003 Forum of Women’s NGOs of Kyrgyzstan was working on development of the training programme for improved women’s political leadership in Central Asia. In2003 atraining manual was published and a Central Asian training workshops was held. In 2005 Forum’s program officer took part in the Asia Pacific research on women’s electoral strategies.  In2006 aparallel event workshop on women’s participation in political processes inCentral Asiawas held at 50th session of the CSW, a parallel event workshop on International laws and women’s participation in political processes at 53 session of the CSW UN in 2009.  In 2007-2009 held series of training for women leaders, organized a new network of local women leaders and a network of their support groups. Prepared and submitted a shadow report on implementation of the CEDAW to CEDAW Committee in 2008 on two issues: VAW and Women’s participation in political processes. Developed and made series of presentation of the recommendations on improving state policy with regard to women’s participation in political processes. Training manuals are published for women-leaders. In February 2009 we held a conference of members of the WPPP program to develop a strategic plan for 2009-2010.  One our woman from local women’s NGOs in the result of our program is an active and visible member of the Kyrgyzstan Parliament. Actually 3 women from our program are now MPs. These activities show that this project is part of our long-term program on women’s capacity building for gender equality in political participation. As a result of the above activities we have identified needs, discussed common strategies, list of potential partners developed, collected experience available as well as knowledge both local and international.

Goal — Increasing effectiveness of women’s participation in political processes

Key indicators are:

 

  • Increased number of women from provinces, running for and winning various elections and nominated posts at decision-making levels.
  •  Women leaders raise and promote women’s rights.

Specific objective are:

  •  Women’s political leadership capacity building,
  •  women-leaders’ network development and strengthening,
  •  mobilization of local women’s NGOs in provinces to support local women leaders,
  •  gender dimension integration into the political agenda, lobbying gendered amendments to national legislation,
  • organization of the women’s leadership resource center in Bishkek,
  • Organization of annual campaigns on women’s political leadership

 

Activities

  • Training of 50 women at 132 training workshops during the whole program period.
  • Women-leaders’ network is set up and strengthened during the program period by organization of 120 network of women leaders meetings during the whole program period.
  • 320 workshops of women’s NGOs in provinces to support local women leaders during the whole project period.
  • Five conferences “Women transforming society”  during the program period.
  • 40 press conferences during the whole program period.
  • Setting up a resource center for women-leaders.
  • Publishing of training books and materials during the whole program period.
  • Four annual public awareness campaigns “50 days 50 women for 50 percent in politics in May June each year of the program.
  •  Lobbying amendments to national legislation during the whole program period by working out of drafts of amendments to laws, to policies, suggestions for legislative and political agenda by these two networks and number of legal gendered amendments that are submitted to parliament.
  • Media is strongly involved and supports women’s advancement through special media teams organization and media competitions.  Several TV debates of future female Parliamentary elections candidates on  “Gender issues”.
  • Caravan of women-leaders and support groups is held in the last year of the program – before actual elections.


National campaing «50 days- 50 women- for 50% in politics»

 

  About the campaign

Features of the campaign: campaign is aimed at public attention attraction to the issue of Women’s participation in political processes, demonstrate women’s consolidation around this issue, show and advance activists’ work for women’s empowerment as well as to change patriarchal stereotypes about women’s role.  For Kyrgyzstan 2007 is a year of the new national Plan of Actions on gender equality, where women’s empowerment is one of the strategic goals.

 

Democracy without women is a fragile and vulnerable democracy. Campaign is an advocacy too for new women’s image as a leader, it is venue for women’s NGOs to show solidarity in implementation and lobbying of legal promises, a tool for pushing women’s political rights to participate at full level in major decision-making processes. Involvement of provincial, district and local level organizations into the campaign will let them all unite into a national movement, include into the national agenda local issues and concerns and jointly to make an impact on governance bodies of all levels.

 

  Campaign goals:

  • Promotion of women’s political rights as basis for democracy strengthening,
  • Information dissemination,
  • Conviction and creation of places for civil solidarity expression and collective actions.

 

  Content of proposed program

“50 Days for Gender equality Women’s Political Participation in Kyrgyzstan” – an annual national campaign is part of the comprehensive Forum’s program on WPPP.

 

Forum of Women’s NGOs of Kyrgyzstanhas adopted a four-year program[1] that seeks to increase gender equality in the political system of Kyrgyzstan, as well as women’s empowerment through the political leadership capacity of women.  It aims to increase the number of women contesting in the next parliamentary elections and other decision-making bodies; development of a women’s political agenda and strategy for the 2010 elections; evolve a joint women’s platform for the national Parliament and mobilization of women’s NGOs to support women contesting in elections. 50 women will be trained, 50 women’s NGOs will act as a support network for female candidates.

WPPP program is continuation of one of the oldest directions of the Forum of Women’s NGOs of Kyrgyzstan. This program mobiles women’s movement for women’s empowerment inKyrgyzstanand makes women’s voice visible locally, regionally and internationally. Adoption of the WWWP program by the network was done in December 2005. The first network of future women-candidates for Parliamentary elections had its first meeting in Bishkek in November 2006. Conference of the network of activists supporting program was held in January 2007 and plan of action was approved. It was followed by the Task Force meeting. First TOT for our future parliamentary elections were held on budget, state and legislative power March 2007.  The monitoring conference of the program implementation and further activities discussion was held during 2-3 April 2007 in Bishkek.

 

  Campaign objectives:

1.         Attract attention and increase awareness of various layers of society, especially of youth groups, on women’s political rights discrimination and relate it to the problem of non-sustainability of democracy and abuse of national and international law,

2.         Attract wide circles of supporters to Forum’s program «Women into Power»,

3.         Assist to development of networks for cooperation between organization from State, Civil society, local communities, for providing consolidated support to advance women to power positions,

4. Assist to development of the positive image of women -leaders and advocate women-leaders in local areas,

5. Strengthening of local women’s NGOs’ capacity for the long-term network cooperation and consolidation.

 

  Description of activities

  1. Organization of  round tables,
  2. Posters creation and posting at public places:
    • Presentation of women’s vision — future PEC (Parliamentary elections candidates) in mass media
    • Press conference with PEC
    • TV debates of future female Parliamentary elections candidates on  “Gender issues”:   «Women and governance”,  «Integration of gender into policy and programs”
  3.  Conference at the national level with participants from all provinces,
  4. Publications of the Campaign:
    • Booklets
    • Calendars
    • Posters
  1. Documentation of the Campaign, translation, and publication of the Campaign materials.

 

  •   Finance. To show the scale and importance of the intention of the women’s movement  two funds for collection of membership fees and donations froPECsto pay in 2010 electoral fees for ourPECsand for operational expenses are set up in bank.
  2007 Campaing

 

“50 Days for Gender equality and Women’s Political Participation in Kyrgyzstan”

50 days – annual campaign – 50 women   for 50 % to Parliament and other decision-making bodies.

The campaign took place from May 10  till  June 29, 2007 all around the country.  It was held by the activists of Forum of women’s NGOs.

Throughout the country activists held 159 public meetings, presentations of the program, round tables, press conferences and seminars. About 10000 people participated directly, plus unknown number was informed through mass media.

 

Forms of work: public informational meetings — 71, round tables -19, press conferences — 5, seminars — 59, interviews — 5, conferences — 1, essay competitions in all provinces (among local leaders, NGO leaders, high school students), radio show “Informational campaign “50 days” in Barken province”, 2 issues of women’s newspaper “Datkayim” in Batken province dedicated to the campaign.

 

 

 

  “50 days – 50 women – 50% in politics” campaign  — Naryn province

12 public informational meetings in 12 villages of Naryn province and 2 meetings in Naryn city. The overall number of people who took part in the campaign — 1464. Support groups for Roza Jumaeva headquarters were created in 15 village associations and Naryn city. Press conference with many representatives of Mass Media of Naryn province, such as regional newspaper “Tenir Too”, Naryn province State TV and Radio station, Naryn TV Radio Station “Shankai”, Independent radio station “Almaz”, Radio “Azattyk”, reporters from newspapers “Jany Kylym”, “Naryn Janyrygy”. Seven members of support groups were present and told about Forum of women’s NGOs, about the women’s network and the program. Overall, there were 11 round tables held during the campaign.

 

Essay contest on the topic “Can women?” was held in 11 high schools of Naryn rayon and Naryn city. 780 high school students were involved, the best received awards and diplomas. An article “Women in politics” was published in regional newspaper “Tenir Too”. Local TV channel broadcasted cartoon, provided by Forum of women’s NGOs. On June1, acelebration dedicated to the Day of Protection of children was held in DostukvillageofNarynprovince.

 

 

 

  “50 days – 50 women – 50% in politics” campaign  — Issyk-Kul province

56 seminars and 5 round tables were held in the framework of the campaign, 949 women participated. All around the province meetings with representatives of local authorities, representatives of NGOs, Mass Media, Center for employment and migration of the province and regions, social workers in the villages.

On May10 aTV show was broadcasted on provincial TV channel, discussing the topic “Women in politics”; the viewers were very interested in the program, asked many questions. The following future candidates participated in the show: Rayimbekova Damira, Juzumalieva A., Ozubekova Aigul, Ainabekova Jyrgal.

 

 

 

 

  “50 days – 50 women – 50% in politics” campaign  — Talas province

The following events took place in the framework of the campaign in Talas province: Informational meetings, round tables presenting the program, meetings with the populations, meetings with teachers, press conferences for Mass media. A video clip “The many-sided women” was produced. The number of people who were informed about the program or participated in discussions is about 2000. One of the positive outcomes of the campaign is the involvement of representatives of province state administration and province TV station. During one of the meeting a decision was made to create an Academy of Women’s Leadership, which will unite women leaders and increase their potential.

 

 

 

 

  “50 days – 50 women – 50% in politics” campaign  — Jalal-Abad  province

 Meetings with the population were held in 21 villages and more than 700 villagers were informed. Meetings also took place in Mayly Suu city and Kochkor ata city. On May 24, all future candidates participated in a press conference, where journalists, representatives of political parties, NGOs and state agencies were present. A seminar “Women in politics” was held in the framework of the campaign.

An essay contest among high school students was held in nine high schools of Nooken region. The authors of the best essays were awarded with prizes and diplomas.

 

 

 

 

  “50 days – 50 women – 50% in politics” campaign — Batken province

16 meetings were held in various villages and towns of the province, taking in consideration the regional situation of absence of access to information and TV and radio broadcast.

3 seminars, useful for rural women were held in the framework of the campaign. Seminar “Women’s land rights”; three round tables in Isfana city, Batken city and Sulukta city were very popular with women activists. One press-conference and three interviews for regional Mass Media were also held in Batken city. Two issues of women’s newspaper “Datkayim” were published and distributed among the population, third issue is being prepared. The women’s newspaper became a precedent, there were no women’s publications prior to that.

On the International day of Protection of Children, June 1, activists held a special event “Women for the future of children” in Sulukta city and Isfana city. This event once more showed that women care deeper and better understand the problems of children and suggest constructive ways of solving problems of needy children.

Activists organized special meetings in Isfana city and Kadamjai village with participation of the local governing bodies, representatives and deputies of local councils, discussing special measures to promote women into politics at all levels.

Meetings with representatives of political parties were held in Batken region. Province level conference was held in Batken city, with participation of 60 people: women from all over the province, representatives of political parties, state agencies, NGOs, deputies of local councils, heads of businesses. A resolution on supporting special measures to provide equal opportunity for women to participate in social and political life was signed.

 

WPPP Program implementation in 2009

Women-leaders conference  “Women in politics”

Forum of Women’s NGOs of  Kyrgyzstan has held a conference “Women in politics” during two intensive days 10-11 February 2009 in Bishkek. This conference was held in the framework of the Forum’s program on WPPP and as part of the implementation of the National Plan of Action on gender equality.

 

Goal of the conference “Women in politics”  

Implementation of the Kyrgyzstan strategic goal – Reaching gender balance at all levels of decision-making.

 

Conference objectives:

  • Strengthening network of women-leaders, introduction of members of the network of women-leaders and their support groups
  • Presentations and discussion of new candidates and summary of the 2008
  • Identification of network resources and participants’ suggestions
  • Election of the Board of the network “Women in politics”
  • Adoption of the program plan for the 2009-20011, including of discussion of the Media strategy
  • Development of the details, schedule of thematic seminars for rural women with participation of future candidates and support groups members

 

At the conference monitoring on two issues was introduced into women’s agenda: VAW and WPPP.

At the conference participants were from allKyrgyzstanprovinces as members of the program “Women’s participation in political processes”, activists of women’s movement and deputies of local councils. The conference was supported by donor “Hunt Alternative Fund”.

 

 

WPPP Program implementation in 2008

Planned results

  • 50 women from provinces will have improved knowledge, skills, experience needed for a political leader, including on issues violence against women, CEDAW and other international documents on women, gender budgeting, feminist transformation, women and security, women’s health, women and laws, gender equality.
  •  Increase of number of women, capable and committed to women’s issues and gender equality principles, 50 are ready to run as candidates during various elections.
  • Women’s NGOs network in all provinces supported women leaders’ activities. Strengthening mutual understanding, links between women leaders and women’s NGOs, strengthening consolidation around gender equality and development through  joint meetings.
  •  Creating 1200 accessible resources for 50 women leaders and women’s NGOs working with and for women’s empowerment.
  • Raise of public awareness of 7 provinces and involvement of 40 civil society organizations to work on women’s political rights.
  • Increased community support to women leaders – 200000 people.

 

 

Training “Women’s leadership”

This training was held in December 2008 in Bishkek  for Kyrgyzstan participants. Trainers were Nurgul Djanaeva and Bermet Stakeeva. Policy making knowledge and skills, networking, capacity development mechanisms of women leaders included as a part of women’s training from local to national and this will allow to have in power women with knowledge, skills and connections to address women’s issues and struggle from those positions for gender equality and women’s interests.

Training was supported by donor “Mamacash”.

 

 

 

Training “Basics of state budget”

This training on basics of state budget was held on 16-18 December  2008 was held at the level I, it was oriented for future candidates and local women-leaders form women’s NGOs. Goal of the training was to provided women leaders with concepts, knowledge and analytical skills with regard to state budget.  Main themes covered at the training were:

  1. Economic essence and role of the state budget,
  2. Budgetary relations regulations tools. 

Training was supported by donor “Mamacash”.

 

 

 

WPPP Program implementation in 2007

 

“Today women’s participation in political processes is not an issue of individual women, but an issue of the whole women’s movement in the country.”

Under this motto the members of Forum of women’s NGOs adopted this long-term program of advancing women into politics, “Women’s participation in political processes”, in partnership with other organizations. “Women in politics” network was created in the framework of the program. The programs was planned to be a 5-year program and finish by the Parliamentary elections in 2010. Women activists, whose candidacy was approved by the “Women in politics” network council,  passed training. Through the held trainings participants learned about legislative process, structure of the Parliament, how local and national budgets are put together.

Participants held a national campaign “50 days- 50 women – 50% in politics” in all regions ofKyrgyzstan. Posters, booklets, banners with information on the program were developed, published and used during the campaign.

Because of early Parliamentary elections based on party lists, our women candidates had to compete for seats in party lists. 17 women activists of Forum of women’s NGOs program “Women’s participation in political processes” got into party lists in the Parliamentary elections 2007 and three women participants of the program became Parliamentarians. Year 2007 became a year of preliminary results for Forum of women’s NGOs. We are planning to continue running this program.

  

On January 8-9, 2007 Forum of women’s NGOs held a conference of women activists discussing the topic “Women and politics”.

The objectives of the conference:

  • Recommendations from the members of Forum of women’s NGOs on “50 women in politics” program
  • Results of Future Candidates’ into Parliament (FC) meetings
  • Election of members of theme groups
  • Discussion of the candidacies
  • Determining the tasks of support group (SG) network
  • Selecting support group members, work plan
  • Assigning support groups to each FC
  • Discussing Media strategy
  • Electing the Board of Directors and Coordination Council (CC), determining the functions of CC

 

Results of the conference:

  •  Each FC has NGO support group
  • Support group network consisting from NGOs created
  • Role and activities of the network on mobilization of support for all candidates determined
  • Work plan for the year and for three years developed

 

 

 

Conference “Women’s participation in political processes”

The conference of April 2-3, 2007, was another event in the long-term program of Forum of Women’s NGOs of Kyrgyzstan on increasing the level of women’s participation in political processes. The agenda included discussing reports on the implementation of the work plan of the “Women’s participation in political processes” program, developing the schedule and topics for the FC and SG trainings for 2007, preparation for the Shadow report on Convention on Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women, report on monitoring State’s implementation of its obligations on international conventions (BPFA and CEDAW) on violence against women, discussing holding the annual campaign “50 days – 50 women – 50% in politics” – aimed at presenting Forum’s program “Women’s participation in political processes” within 50 days all around the country.

Participants of the conference came from all provinces of the country.

During the conference participants discussed the reports of women future candidates (FC) and support groups (SG) on their work with the population in the two months after the meeting in January2007 inBishkek.

Common problems for women candidates were discussed. Some of them are: lack of funding, weak partnership with public agencies, lack of gender sensitive constituency, competition between future candidates, the problem of buying of constituency voices, lack of quotas for women, poor partnership among women’s NGOs.

 

Later participants discussed holding the annual national campaign “50 days – 50 women – 50% in politics”. It was decided to hold the campaign from May 20 till June29 inall the provinces of Kyrgyzstan. Campaign included such events as press conferences, round tables with representatives of state authorities, population; broadcasting video clips on TV, regular radio shows, distribution of posters and booklets on the campaign at meetings, essay contests among high school students on “How I understand the role of woman in politics”.

Participants conducted needs assessment in trainings and seminars of future candidates and support groups.

 

 

 

 

Trainings for Future Candidates to the Parliament

 In the framework of “Women’s participation in political processes” program women activists future candidates participated in a training on March 30 through April 1, 2007. The goal of the training was to teach future candidates to work in the framework of the National Parliament. 30 activists from all provinces of Kyrgyzstan took part in the training. Training included two themes – Legislature and Forming of State budget. These topics were chosen from the needs assessment list. The training of Legislature included such topics as the function of the parliament, work in the committees, law making process, adoption of statute. “Forming of the State budget” training included the following topics: forming of local and national State budgets, stages of the budget formation, process of budget adoption.

 

 

 

National campaign “50 days – 50 women – 50% in politics”

The campaign took place from May 10 till June 29, 2007 all around the country; it was held by the activists of Forum of women’s NGOs.

Throughout the country activists held 159 public meetings, presentations of the program, round tables, press conferences and seminars. About 10000 people participated directly, plus unknown number was informed through mass media.

 

Forms of work: public informational meetings — 71, round tables -19, press conferences — 5, seminars — 59, interviews — 5, conferences — 1, essay competitions in all provinces (among local leaders, NGO leaders, high school students), radio show “Informational campaign “50 days” in Barken province”, 2 issues of women’s newspaper “Datkayim” in Batken province dedicated to the campaign.

 

 

 

 

“50 days – 50 women – 50% in politics” campaign  — Naryn province

12 public informational meetings in 12 villages of Naryn province and 2 meetings in Naryn city. The overall number of people who took part in the campaign — 1464. Support groups for Roza Jumaeva headquarters were created in 15 village associations and Naryn city. Press conference with many representatives of Mass Media of Naryn province, such as regional newspaper “Tenir Too”, Naryn province State TV and Radio station, Naryn TV Radio Station “Shankai”, Independent radio station “Almaz”, Radio “Azattyk”, reporters from newspapers “Jany Kylym”, “Naryn Janyrygy”. Seven members of support groups were present and told about Forum of women’s NGOs, about the women’s network and the program. Overall, there were 11 round tables held during the campaign.

 

Essay contest on the topic “Can women?” was held in 11 high schools of Naryn rayon and Naryn city. 780 high school students were involved, the best received awards and diplomas. An article “Women in politics” was published in regional newspaper “Tenir Too”. Local TV channel broadcasted cartoon, provided by Forum of women’s NGOs. On June1, acelebration dedicated to the Day of Protection of children was held in Dostuk village of Naryn province.

 

 

 

 

“50 days – 50 women – 50% in politics” campaign  — Issyk-Kul province

56 seminars and 5 round tables were held in the framework of the campaign, 949 women participated. All around the province meetings with representatives of local authorities, representatives of NGOs, Mass Media, Center for employment and migration of the province and regions, social workers in the villages.

On May10 aTV show was broadcasted on provincial TV channel, discussing the topic “Women in politics”; the viewers were very interested in the program, asked many questions. The following future candidates participated in the show: Rayimbekova Damira, Juzumalieva A., Ozubekova Aigul, Ainabekova Jyrgal.

 

 

 

 

“50 days – 50 women – 50% in politics” campaign  — Talas province

The following events took place in the framework of the campaign in Talas province: Informational meetings, round tables presenting the program, meetings with the populations, meetings with teachers, press conferences for Mass media. A video clip “The many-sided women” was produced. The number of people who were informed about the program or participated in discussions is about 2000. One of the positive outcomes of the campaign is the involvement of representatives of province state administration and province TV station. During one of the meeting a decision was made to create an Academy of Women’s  Leadership, which will unite women leaders and increase their potential.

 

“50 days – 50 women – 50% in politics” campaign  — Jalal-Abad  province

 Meetings with the population were held in 21 villages and more than 700 villagers were informed. Meetings also took place in Mayly Suu city and Kochkor ata city. On May 24, all future candidates participated in a press conference, where journalists, representatives of political parties, NGOs and state agencies were present. A seminar “Women in politics” was held in the framework of the campaign.

An essay contest among high school students was held in nine high schools of  Nooken region. The authors of the best essays were awarded with prizes and diplomas.

 

 

 

 

“50 days – 50 women – 50% in politics” campaign — Batken province

16 meetings were held in various villages and towns of the province, taking in consideration the regional situation of absence of access to information and TV and radio broadcast.

3 seminars, useful for rural women were held in the framework of the campaign. Seminar “Women’s land rights”; three round tables in Isfana city, Batken city and Sulukta city were very popular with women activists. One press-conference and three interviews for regional Mass Media were also held in Batken city. Two issues of women’s newspaper “Datkayim” were published and distributed among the population, third issue is being prepared. The women’s newspaper became a precedent, there were no women’s publications prior to that.

On the International day of Protection of Children, June 1, activists held a special event “Women for the future of children” in Sulukta city and Isfana city. This event once more showed that women care deeper and better understand the problems of children and suggest constructive ways of solving problems of needy children.

Activists organized special meetings in Isfana city and Kadamjai village with participation of the local governing bodies, representatives and deputies of local councils, discussing special measures to promote women into politics at all levels.

Meetings with representatives of political parties were held in Batken region. Province level conference was held in Batken city, with participation of 60 people: women from all over the province, representatives of political parties, state agencies, NGOs, deputies of local councils, heads of businesses. A resolution on supporting special measures to provide equal opportunity for women to participate in social and political life was signed.

 

 

 

 

Training within the “Women’s participation in political processes” program

On May 26, 2007, Forum of women’s NGOs continued the training of future candidates to the Parliament. Forum held two trainings in Osh city on the following topics: “Legislation” and “State budget”. The trainers were participants of  March trainings on those topics.

More than 20 participants from all provinces of the country were trained in this training. Not only future candidates, but many citizens of Kyrgyzstan are poorly aware of how the government spends the considerable budget funds and where it receives them from.

The training on “Legislation” gave women the basics of legislation processes.

 

 

 

 

 

“Women in politics” training, May 26-27, 2007, Osh city.

On May 26, 2007, Forum of women’s NGOs continued training future candidates to the Parliament. Forum has held two trainings – “Basics of Legislation” and “Forming the National Budget”. Participants of these trainings held in March2007 inBishkek, were the trainers this time.

More than 20 participants from all provinces of the country took part in this training. Not only future candidates, but also many citizens of Kyrgyzstan are poorly informed of how the government spends the considerable budget funds and where it receives them from.

The “Basics of Legislation” gave participants the basics of legislative processes.

 

 

 

 

“Women in politics” network meeting, May 27, 2007, Osh.

 In the framework of “Women’s participation in political processes” program, Forum of women’s NGOs held a meeting of “Women in politics” network on May 27,2007 inOshcity, dedicated to the national campaign “50 days – 50 women – 50% in politics”.

Participants shared about the ongoing campaign “50 days – 50 women – 50% in politics” and problems they are facing. Participants made the decision to include the topic of preventing violence against women in the program of training for Future Candidates.

Participants presented interim reports on the work of the campaign in the regions. All participants reported actively using big and small posters and booklets developed by the Forum, and that the population was much interested in those. Several of the candidates noted that they used small posters for the essay contest in high schools. The analysis of the essays showed that girls are being discriminated against by adults since childhood, both by women and men.

 

 

“Women in politics” network meeting, June 28, 2007, Bishkek.

Forum held a meeting of members of Forum’s “Women in politics” network on June 28,2007 inBishkek city.

The following issues were discussed:

  • Preliminary reports on the national campaign “50 days – 50 women – 50% in politics”
  • Results of work with constituency
  • Work of the analytical groups
  • Documenting the process of the campaign
  • Further activities of the network

Maksuda Aitieva (Osh Resource Center) presented the report on work with constituency. Activists held presentations of the program for the population, as well as assessed needs of the population in the region.

 

 

 

 

“Women in politics” network meeting, July 12, 2007, Bishkek.

On July 12, 2007, Forum held a meeting of “Women in politics” network in Bishkek city.

The following issues were on the agenda:

  • The course of the national Campaign “50 days – 50 women – 50% in politics”
  • Reports on the campaign “50 days – 50 women – 50% in politics”
  • Work with constituency
  • Presentation of new Future Candidates and their support groups

New members from Chui province and Tup rayon ofIssyk-Kulprovince were presented.

Representatives from regions told about the course of the campaign in their respective provinces.

At the meeting the participants described difficulties, which they faced in the process of the campaign. Here are some of them: hindrances from other NGOs – pressure, negative attitude; stereotypes; lack of solidarity among the leaders of NGOs. At the meeting participants also discussed holding a caravan of the “Women in politics” network – ways, needed resources, routs.

 

The decisions of the meeting:

  1. To create a support caravan in the regions

To create a group to plan the routs, the program, list of participants and other logistical questions concerning the caravan.Asia Pacific Forum on Women, Law and Development (APWLD) is an independent nongovernmental noncommercial organization, whose purpose is to empower women to use the law as a tool for social change and advancement of women’s rights. APWLD is a leading regional network, working on the issues of women, rights and development in the Asia Pacific region and has a wide network of women’s and human rights NGOs and independent activists.

APWLD held a training on “Gender and politics” for women leaders and political activists inBangkok,Thailandon July 27-29, 2007. Two activists from Forum’s program “”Women in politics” took part in that training, Gulnara Derbisheva (Batken) and Kenje Primova (Osh).

This training inBangkokbrought together 16 women leaders from 12 countries: Bangladesh, Birma, India, Indonesia, Kyrgyzstan, Malaysia, Mongolia, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Thailand,  Sri-Lanka.

The training consisted of 6 sessions:

  • Politics and political systems. Perception and facts
  • Gender and patriarchy
  • Politics and change
  • Leadership and social transformation
  • Applying gender perception to law and legislation
  • Advocacy and Lobbying gender issues.

APWLD has 6 main programs, one of which is “Women’s participation in political processes”. In the training, participants acquired skills and knowledge on women’s participation in political processes on local, regional and national levels; learned how to apply practical lobbying and advocacy tools – campaigns; shared their experience with women from Asia Pacific region; networked.

This training again proved that women’s participation in political processes is not limited to increasing numbers of women in the Parliament, but is considered a wider area, which includes women’s participation in decision making at all levels of the state and society, including family, business sector, civil society and state structures.

This training also gave an opportunity to find out about the situation and work of women in such countries as Pakistan, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Thailand, which was, undoubtedly, very interesting.

Participants from Kyrgyzstan showed special interest in session called “Advocacy and Lobbying women’s issues”. This session showed that the practical experience of women’s NGOs of Kyrgyzstan and our “Women in politics” network is rather rich.

In their turn, participants fromKyrgyzstanshared about our network, the program “Women in politics”, about our legislation concerning gender issues.

In order to share their knowledge, received in Bangkok, participants from Kyrgyzstan Gulnara Derbisheva and Kenje Primova will hold a training on the received materials “Gender and politics” during one of the regional meetings of Future Candidates.

 

 

 

“Balancing the Power: Women in New Democracies.” Training

 On November 8-9,2007 inthe conference hall of “Dostuk” hotel, Forum of women’s NGOs hosted a training “Balancing the Power: Women in New Democracies”, covering the issue of women’s participation in political processes in Kyrgyzstan and the world.

The training was organized by Forum of women’s NGOs and Hunt Alternatives Fund (USA), and was sponsored by Hunt Alternatives Fund.

In the training participants looked at such topics as:

  • Why women?
  • Understanding leadership
  • Opportunities for women in leadership
  • Opportunities for women in local leadership. Review of “50 days – 50 women – 50% in politics” campaign
  • International leadership experience
  • Women parliamentarians
  • Message Management
  • Taking your Message to Policy Makers
  • Special Challenges of Women Speakers
  • Taking your Message to the Press

A Media Training with area Journalists took place as part of the training.

The training was led by the founder and head of Hunt Alternatives Fund, Ms. Swanee Hunt and the president of Forum of women’s NGOs of Kyrgyzstan Nurgul Djanaeva. The practical session on presenting your message to a policy maker was led by her Excellency US Ambassador in Kyrgyz Republic, Mari Yovanovitch.

The training was attended by members of Forum of women’s NGOs of  Kyrgyzstan network “Women in politics”, women’s public organizations, women activists, representatives of state agencies, international organizations and mass media.

 

 

 

Concluding conference on “50 days – 50 women – 50% in politics” campaign

A conference dedicated to the results of the National campaign “50 days – 50 women – 50% in politics” was held in the framework of Forum of women’s NGOs of Kyrgyzstan program “Women in politics” on November 10-11, 2007, at the conference hall of “Goluboi Issyk-Kul” resort.

The conference was organized by the crisis center “Altynai”, Cholpon-Ata city and Forum of women’s NGOs of Kyrgyzstan. The conference was held with the financial support of the Democratic Committee of the US Embassy in Bishkek.

The conference was attended by members of Forum of women’s NGOs of Kyrgyzstan network and public organizations of the country.

The goal of the conference – sizing up the National campaign “50 days – 50 women – 50% in politics”, which took place in the framework of Forum of women’s NGOs of Kyrgyzstan program “Women’s participation in political processes”. The campaign became a campaign propagating an image of women-leaders, and became a chance for women activists and organizations to show solidarity in lobbying implementation of national legislation, international laws and conventions guaranteeing the right for women to participate in governing the country.

The coordinators of each province reported on the results of the campaign in their respective provinces.

Throughout the country activists held 159 public meetings, presentations of the program, round tables, press conferences and seminars. About 10000 people participated directly, plus unknown number was informed through mass media.

In all provinces Future candidates (FCs) and Support groups (SGs) partnered with local governors, village councils, deputies, province authorities, city administrations, local leaders, NGOs, businessmen, teachers, mass media.

The goal of the campaign was to bring attention to low representation of women in governing bodies; to promote a positive image of a woman leader and promote women leaders locally; to increase potential of women’s organizations in the regions to change the patriarchal stereotypes about the role of women in society, and form a new generation of women-leaders; to recruit supporters for this program of Forum of women’s NGOs of Kyrgyzstan.

At the end of the conference we can say that the goals of the campaign were reached.

Other issues were also discussed at the conference, such as: recruiting new support groups for women candidates, strategy of work with mass media, partnership between crisis centers and Forum of women’s NGOs of Kyrgyzstan, eliminating all forms of violence against women.

 

Publications

Forum of women’s NGOs of Kyrgyzstan translated into Russian and published the book “Seethings and Seatings: Strategies for women’s political participation in Asia Pacific”. This book contains research on political activities of women leaders fromFiji,Kyrgyzstan, Malaysia, thePhilippines, andSouth Korea.  The book will be distributed among women activists of Central Asia.

 

 

 

Program results 2007

Long road for quotas built by various women’s groups and networks in Kyrgyzstan led to new country Elections Code with 30 % quota for women in Parliamentary elections.

Woman activist from the program is a member of the Kyrgyzstan Parliament.

 

Victory of Gulnara Derbisheva, member of the program. She is a member of the Kyrgyzstan Parliament “Jogorku Kenesh” since 2007.

She with her supporters organized her 50 days campaign in Batken province. Gulnara Derbisheva was supported by her support group under the leadership of local woman activist – Nazym Djalilova.

Gulnara Derbisheva passed training on gender and politics at APWLD.

 

 

 

 

From Forum’s shadow report on CEDAW implementation in Kyrgyzstan on WPPP  — 2008

Women’s participation in political processes

 

Forum of Women’s NGOs of Kyrgyzstan has monitored implementation of women’s political rights and in 2008 has submitted a list of critical issues for the CEDAW pre-session working group and also a full shadow report to the 42nd session of the CEDAW Committee. Forum also has organized and participated in several events at international level with presentations of its findings on women’s political rights inKyrgyzstan.

Nurgul Djanaeva and Bermet Stakeeva are the authors of the shadow report and the list of critical issues.  Eight women’s NGOs – network members contributed to the monitoring. Chinara Kartanbaeva, Sveta Saykbaeva, Lilia Salimjanova from the Forum of Women’s NGOs of Kyrgyzstan have participated in the official country reporting session and Chinara Kartanbaeva made an oral intervention at the 42nd CEDAW session in October 2008.

 

From the shadow report of the Forum of Women’s NGOs of Kyrgyzstan on WPPP:

Kyrgyzstanexperience proved international lessons that only political will is not enough for gender equality reaching. There is lack of the target oriented State program on women’s political advancement to power bodies, introductions of temporary special measures on elimination of discrimination of women in political and public life of the country without state financing of the activities of the national plans on gender equality and increasing women’s representation at all levels of decision-making. De facto lack of women in decision-making bodies tells about serious problems in the State attitude towards gender equality in politics and about absence of the real quality of opportunities. During the reported period inKyrgyzstanthere was a process of legislation reforms. But the legislation reforming process, speaking about political will of the State, was not consistent, needed measure were not taken or adopted partially. Review and monitoring were done mainly at the national level, no regular assessment or monitoring at provincial or local levels took place. Dominance of the patriarchal stereotypes about women’s role and status in society among State officials, making personnel decisions, led to decrease of number of women at leadership posts. Financing of the women’s political empowerment was not implemented. In the result during these years we faced reduction of women at the highest decision-making positions.

 

This section is related to the contents of CEDAW, in particular articles 2, 3,4, 5, 7 (b).

 

1.  Legislation further reforming

Description and proof of the problem and What is missing in the State report

  • Legislation reforms after ratification of the CEDAW in Kyrgyzstan shows that despite political will there was a lack of consistency in this process: State has adopted laws, programs, plans of actions to ensure Women’s participation in political processes. But it needs these laws  and program to be improved and harmonized.
  • What legal protection mechanisms for women’s right to participate in high level of decision-making are in place or planned: (Kyrgyzstan law ”On basics of the State guarantees on ensuring  gender equality“ is not enough) and widen areas of quotas application.
  1. How State plans to expand quotas for women  more than in Elections Code: introduce quotas or affirmative actions to such state documents as “Law on public service”,
  2. State report to CEDAW in the article 200 recognizes that Kyrgyzstanlaw ”On basics of the State guarantees on ensuring gender equality“ doesn’t include legal norms regulating authority of the President and Government on ensuring gender parity in human resources policy. But the State report misses information on State suggestions and strategy on this issue.
  3. According to the article 36 of the Kyrgyzstanlaw “On basics of the State guarantees on ensuring  gender equality” (2003), government was supposed since 2003 to harmonize its normative legal documents (bylaws)  with this law. Also according to the Plan of Actions on realization of the National Program “Human rights” for the period 2002-2010 (confirmed on 2 January 2002, edited on 7 July 2004 (under the point # 24 for the 2004-2005 years) the State committed to improve regulations of the Kyrgyz Republic in accordance with international conventions “On women’s political rights”, CEDAW.  Our monitoring showed that harmonization of legal norms in the government didn’t take place. State report misses information and planned strategy on this harmonization of the legislation.
  4. State measures and status regarding adoption or introduction of temporary special measures to increase the level of women’s representation in appointed bodies (was recommended by the CEDAW Committee in its Concluding Comments (2004) in article 166 and was included into the Matrix of activities of the implementation of the Concluding Comments  UN CEDAW Committee to the 2nd periodic report of the Kyrgyz Republic on implementation of UN CEDAW approved by the Government in 2004). 

 

2. Ineffective application and enforcement of existing laws

Description and proof of the problem

State has adopted laws, programs, and plans of actions to ensure Women’s participation in political processes. But it needs these laws and program to be enforced and implemented.

There is a need in detailed information on number of women hired, appointed or elected to high positions (such as governors, ministers, etc.) after each law or state decree was signed, adopted. During 2005-2006 anumber of women in deputy-governor positions lost these posts.

What is missing in the State report

The State report misses information  on monitoring and on concrete strategies and actions on enforcement and implementation of the following laws, programs, and plans of actions:

  • Article 9 “State guarantees gender equality in government management” of the law “On basics of the State guarantees on ensuring  gender equality”,
  • Article 34, 35 of the law “On basics of the State guarantees on ensuring  gender equality” on coordination of activities on disputes resolution and registration of cases related to violation of gender equality.  Information  on the strategy and measures to strengthen role of the National Council on women, family and gender development in ensuring gender balance in decision-making posts. For example, some recommendations of the National Council (body is charge of the monitoring of gender equality) are taken into consideration (recommendation to widen temporary special measures on increasing women’s representation in public services, including adding quotas and at hiring to state posts on the principle 1+1) – article 84 of the State report to CEDAW Committee.

Missing information on implementation of the Presidential Decree of the Kyrgyz Republic “On measures on improvement of the gender policy” of 2006. Information about gender balance changes and it doesn’t show that this decree is not applied everywhere. For example, since May 2006 in Kyrgyzstan no women in such posts as Governors, etc. and what is a current level of gender balance in decision-making bodies at all levels including highest political positions. 

 

 

3. Women’s representation level in decision-making bodies

Description and proof of the problem

Women during the reported period and in 2006-2007 have not reached 30% in the following positions: executive, legislative, and political parties.  At local governance: women in governors positions — women comprise 0 %, in the Cabinet of Ministers among locally elected state bodies women in 2006 hold 19,1 % posts. Women in2005 in state governance at the level of highest state positions comprised had 14,4%. In 2005 out of 35 bodies of state power only five were headed by women. Other 30 state power organizations didn’t’ have women at all. Even after December 2007 elections based on political parties lists and quotas introduction to the Elections Code in 2007 women won only 24 % of Parliamentary seats. 30% women’s representation was not reached during 2006-2007 despite that a Presidential Decree of theKyrgyzRepublic “On measures on improvement of the gender policy” of 2006 obliging to reach 30 percent of women in decision-making positions in public service. Besides introduction of quotas to new Elections Code of 2007, no measures were undertaken by the State, including Parliament, President’s Administration, Cabinet of Ministers, Governors and local State Administration.

 

What is missing in the State report

State information about implementation of its planned actions (2.1.2) in the NPA (2002-2006) on reaching balanced representation of women and men at all levels of decision-making (executive, legislative, judicial and political parties): In the State report there is no  Information on failure in reaching such state indicators in the NPA (2.1.2) (2002-2006) as normative-legal Acts which makes provision for gender balance of human resources.

 

Detailed positions-disaggregated information about women’s representation level in decision-making bodies within the reported period and following years (2006-2007) is missing in article 195, 196 of the State report to CEDAW. This article informs about negative dynamic of the Women’s representation in highest levels of State power in comparison. These articles by the format of presentation data on women in decision-making positions give a false impression of good level of women’s representation in decision-making bodies: It gives impression that women comprise 27,7 % of all heads of state governing bodies (article 196), and there was a growth of percentage of women among people in governance (article 209).  State report to CEDAW  has not differentiated data according to the level of positions. But the real proportion of women as heads of decision-making bodies lower:

 

State report to CEDAW doesn’t show its response to article 165 of the CEDAW Concluding Comments (2004) about increasing number of women in such elected bodies as local councils, Provincial Governance.

The State report to CEDAW (article 195) while informing about a need of reforming of the human resources policy in highest power bodies, it doesn’t provide information about what exactly and how human resources policy will be reformed to reach gender parity, on ways to ensure that women’s right to be elected to local governing bodies, to be nominated at all levels of high political positions like heads of ministries, state agencies, units in the Administration of the President and  local governance bodies. It misses information on strategy to enforce a Presidential Decree of theKyrgyzRepublic “On measures on improvement of the gender policy” of 2006 obliging to reach 30 percent of women in decision-making positions in public service.

 

 

4. Capacity of women to win and run offices

Description and proof of the problem and

Lack of women’s leaders’ capacity building programs and policies — Although state planned in various state documents to increase women’s leadership capacity, including through leadership schools, it was not implemented by state. Our monitoring showed that women in all provinces lack leadership training resources, local institutions working on women’s leadership capacity development.

What is missing in the State report

Data is absent on Situation of educational and training on Women’s participation in politics.

The State report doesn’t provide information about the scale and results of the training activities.

 

 

5. Awareness rising on Women’s participation in political processes and stereotypes on gender roles in politics

Description and proof of the problem and

CEDAW Committee in its Concluding Comments (2004) called uponKyrgyzstanto liven up its efforts to  усилия по повышению уровня информированности о важности участия женщин в политике. Our monitoring also proved existence of the patriarchal stereotypes on women’s roles in political life.

What is missing in the State report

State in its report to CEDAW in the article 95 recognized existence of gender stereotypes impacting on role and place of women in politics, and it recognized that these stereotypes are impacting the women’s status in political representation and decision-making. Report provides information about implemented activities (102) but it is not showing why these activities have not solved the problem, what planned actions in this regard were not implemented (for example, in the NPA of 2002-2006 – 2.1 (2.1.2) it was planned to and its reason, what is the level of outreach and Report misses what measures are adopted to address this situation.

 

 

6. State measures regarding financing gender equality in decision-making

Description and proof of the problem and

 In the NAP and matrix of actions (2002-2006)  there are no concrete target indicators, forms and sizes of financing from the State. Although the law on state guarantees on gender equality in the article 24 it clearly state that government “finances activities on realization of the state policy in the area of gender equality”.

What is missing in the State report

Situation of educational and training on Women’s participation- data on number, kind of training resources, outreach in provinces, participants.

 

 

 

 

Recommendations in women’s participation in political processes for the CEDAW working group to ask Kyrgyzstan government

 

Recommendations of the Forum of Women’s NGOs of Kyrgyzstan for the CEDAW working group to ask Kyrgyzstan government in the area of women’s participation in political processes:

It is needed to have a State consistent program and effective implementation and monitoring mechanism on women’s political empowerment, inclusion of women into decision-making bodies as heads of bodies, allocation of State budget for these purposes, to overcome conservative and patriarchal attitudes towards women’s effective and full political participation.

 

  1. To continue legislation reforms consistently. Further to implement  Kyrgyzstan law ”On basics of the State guarantees on ensuring  gender equality “ (2003), its article 36 obliging government to harmonize its normative legal documents (bylaws)  with this law.  Legal protection mechanisms for women’s right to participate in high level of decision-making are in place or planned: (Kyrgyzstan law ”On basics of the State guarantees on ensuring  gender equality“ is not enough) and widen areas of quotas application. To expand quotas for women  more than in Elections Code: introduce quotas or affirmative actions to such state documents as “Law on public service”, use and implement the Presidential Decree of the Kyrgyz Republic “On measures on improvement of the gender policy” of 2006 aimed to increase women’ participation in decision-making till 30%. Organize harmonization of the legislation. To adopt temporary special measures to increase the level of women’s representation in appointed bodies,
  2. Improving state policies: Take concrete strategies and actions on enforcement and implementation of the laws, programs, and plans of actions aimed at Women’s representation level in decision-making bodies.
    1. Following the State report (article 195) about a need to reform human resources policy in highest power bodies to develop program and strategy with concrete, measurable, time bound indicators and responsible offices and officers in State organizations.
    2. Set up a system of  incentives towards non-discriminatory practice and policy in institutions, financed by the State  and Introduce temporary program of affirmative actions for political advancement of women
    3. Review and assessment of gender balance at all levels of decision-making periodically with full participation of local governance structure.
  3. To collect, analyze and apply in practice detailed positions-disaggregated information with the goals of increasing number of women in such elected bodies as heads local councils, Provincial Governance, etc.
  4. What strategies, measures are done and are planned to increase quantitative women’s level of participation in such decision-making bodies as: cabinet of ministers, governors, state administration, and  local governance bodies, etc.
  5. To develop specialized training system for women’s political capacity development with consistency and sustainable level with concrete, measurable, time bound indicators and responsible offices and officers in State organizations.
  6. What measures are adopted and are planned to address this situation public awareness rising  on women’s positive role in political processes and creation of positive image of women-leaders. .
  7. To provide State measures regarding financing gender equality in decision-making to be developed.  Start Gender budgeting initiatives and Allocate in the state budget finances for women’s issues — Following the law of Kyrgyzstan (of 2003)”On basics of the State guarantees on ensuring gender equality “ in the article 24 it clearly state government is recommended to “finance activities on realization of the state policy in the area of gender equality”.
  8. To attract international financial support through inclusion of women’s issues to country’s priorities list.
  9. Strategy and action to provide State support to women’s NGOs initiative on sustainable way.